This feature was meant for easier maintenance and repair. US M3 Medium Tank THE US M3 SERIES (continuation) The M3 was built by several US companies, including Alсo, Baldwin, Detroit, Pressed Steel Car and Pullman-Standard, and it became the first US medium tank to go into volume production. None were ever used by the US Marine Corps. The camouflage was an attempt of “razzle-dazzle” for desert warfare. Some M3 medium tanks were provided to the Soviet Union as part of the lend-lease agreement. I believe you meant the U.S. Marine Corps. It become a nasty surprise for the Axis Force who were unprepared for the 75mm gun that could engage their tanks beyond their effective range such as German Panzer III & IV and Italian M13/40 & M14/41. Notice the two extra turret mounts. In the meantime the M3 medium tank was rushed into production, mounting a 75mm main gun in an antiquated hull-mounted sponson. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Free P&P. Australia; Brazil; Canada; New Zealand; Soviet Union; United Kingdom; United States, (Showcased structural values pertain to the. Free P&P. The 10th Corps, which he had seen from the air exercising fifty miles in the rear, moved silently away in the night, but leaving an exact simulacrum of its tanks where it had been, and proceeded to its points of attack.” (Winston Churchill, 1942), M3 Lee, early production model, belonging to the 13th Armored Regiment, First Armored Division, attached to the First Infantry Division (the “Big Red One”). However, the 37 mm (1.46 in) gun was still favored in the AT role, and one was added in a small turret on top of the superstructure. … Aside from the paint job, the … M3 Lee at Fort Knox, June 1942. British lend-lease demands led to the design of a second turret type with the US version called the Lee and the British version the Grant. The tank was required to have heavier armor and a gun twice the size of the M2A1. Range peaked at just under 120 miles. Logged Tracks. The M3 evolved from the M2 medium tank foray and served as essentially an interim solution until the arrival of the fabled M4 Shermans into the fray. The M3 medium tank, largely overshadowed by its successor the M4 Sherman, has a few stylish distinctions to it: It had two names, after American civil war generals who were archfoes.It co-starred in a famous Hollywood movie with Humphrey Bogart. Includes: Plastic sprue, Photoetched fret, Decalsheet (waterslide) Markings M3 General Lee M3 Lee Krasnaya Armiya (Russian Red Army 1918-1946) Olive Drab; US Army (1784-now) 2 Arm. Often overlooked as a mediocre interim design, the M3 had an … Tanks employing US pattern turrets were called the "General Lee," named after Confederate General Robert E. Lee. The other unit entirely equipped with M3s was the 751st Tank Battalion of the 34th Infantry Division. Its tank design was evolving through a peacetime, post-crisis context, and tactical thinking was inherited from WWI. The rushed design then entered production, being required both by US Army needs and the United Kingdom’s demand for 3,650 medium tanks (by then a British proposal for US-built Crusaders and Matilda was rejected). Max, I have seen photos and even a video of M3 tank with the main gun in a left sponson. Jack Sharkey, as you probably know, was an American heavy weight boxer who briefly held the world title (winning it from a German fighter, no less). It was first obtained via the special event "Defender combined battles" in 20 February 2016 and has been occasionally available to be obtained since, primarily in the September "Tanker's Day" events in 2016 and 2017. Mar 24, 2018 - Explore Owen Latini's board "M3 Medium Tank WW2" on Pinterest. Perhaps 50 have survived until today in various museums and private collections, including a dozen in running conditions. The penetration being at 92mm with AP allows you to tear through any medium tanks/lights tanks up to tier 6 and for tier 5 heavies/tougher opponents the premium rounds give you a chance to penetrate from the front. The turrets were cast by Union, General Steel Casting, ASF and Continental. M2 Medium Tank is an American Tier III Medium Tank. For Christmas, I asked Santa for a brand new shinny Rubicon Models M3 Medium tank (Lee/Grant) plastic model kit. WWII armor aficionados and rivet counters, take notice: … It was basically a scaled up M2, with better armor, a much higher and wider hull, in order to mount an offset 75 mm (2.95 in) gun in a traversable sponson on the right side. Top speed was limited to 24.8 miles-per-hour on road and drastically reduced to 16.15 miles-per-hour off-road. The Soviets also recieved 130 M31 Tank Recovery Vehicles, based on the hull of the M3. The M2 turret was to small for a bigger gun so a new gun had to be mounted in the hull. About “M3S, 241st Armored Brigade, Stalingrad sector, October 1942” graphic picture. It is painted in olive drab. The maximum range was 2700 m (3000 yds). The M2 had a high superstructure, with a sponson-mounted machine gun in each corner. 19 Squadron 1939-... by B. J. Ellan Hardback. The overall design was incredibly tall, 10 feet (3 m) high, which later arose as its major drawback on the battlefield. M3A5 Lee in Burma, C Squadron, 3rd Carabiniers regiment. This new tank would eventually be known as the M4 Sherman medium tank, a complex and powerful tank that would take years to design and produce. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Born as a replacement for the unsuccessful M2 Medium Tank (1938), which never left the American soil, the M3 was designed and equipped in a rush. In addition, two more machine guns were fixed in the glacis plate and fired by the driver. British Medium Tank M3 Grant: Number: 2086: Scale: 1:35 : Type: Full kit : Released: 2017 | Rebox (Updated/New parts) Barcode: 4897051420972 (EAN) Topic: M3 General Lee » Tanks (Vehicles) Box contents. That must have been some mirrored footage, all Grants had the gun on the right side of the tank. Probably the last of these versions was the Australian Yeramba Self Propelled Gun, with 12 units adapted from the M3A5 in 1949. With 38mm of penetration on standard High Explosive round, it can penetrate the majority of the light tanks easily and it will go through the sides of many tanks too. M3A2 Lee of the 13th Armored Regiment, 1st AD in Tunisia, January 1943. It included a distinctive turret back bustle to accommodate a Wireless Set No. The Medium Tank M3 was an American tank used during World War II. M3 Lee medium tank is a 5-stared unit affiliated with Camp Liberty. For its odd-looking appearance, the M3 was shown in movies like 1943’s “Sahara”, starring Humphrey Bogart, and in its remake in 1992, and in 1979 in Spielberg’s “1941”. The last surviving units had been replaced by M4s at the beginning of 1943. New Vanguard Nr. David Doyle has done an excellent job of telling the story of the American M3 medium tank. It is impossible to see that variant in 1940s, because in that time a modern Russian was in using: “Заводы рабочим!” (without “ъ” on the end). The British weren't much impressed by the "Grant" and the Soviets called it the "coffin for seven brothers". Grant Mk.I (based on the M3), Eight Army, Gazala, June 1942. The first American main battle tank employed in combat in World War II was the M3. Wikipedia says he visited the U.S. troops in North Africa during the war, so there may even be a direct personal reference to the use of his name. The "General Lee" was part of a batch of 1,400 units transferred to the USSR under the Lend-Lease Act. 19 radio, stronger armor and no machine-gun cupola, replaced by a simple hatch. My understanding was the the M3s used in Australia were supplied new and direct from the US. The Medium Tank M3A1 was the only version of the Medium Tank M3/ Grant/ Lee to use a cast upper hull. Lee/Grant M3 (Tanks in Detail S.) by Gander, Terry Paperback Book The Cheap Fast . They formed the bulk of the Fourteenth Army (with Indian crews), with battle honors such as the fall of Rangoon, the battle of Imphal (proving pivotal in their task), were they battered out the Imperial Japanese Army’s 14th Tank Regiment. The total was a staggering 9 Browning M1919 cal.30 (7.62 mm) machine guns. Armed with a 75mm side gun and 37mm gun on its rotating turret, tanks with a US turret were called "Lee" and a British turret was referred to as "Grant". When the WW1 German U-boat surfaced to attack the ship with its main gun the screens would drop to enable a full broadside of high explosive shells to be fired at the submarine. The early U.S. tanks of W.W. -2 were produced with overwhelming quantities versus German quality. The highly successful 'stop-gap' M3 medium tank was designed in 1941, and as adequate turret casting facilities were not yet ready, the M3 used an unusual armament configuration patterned after a French tank. Hardcover, 470 pages, 700 illustrations, mostly b/w, 2020, $79.95). They changed the outline of destroyers to look more like merchant ships. M3A1 Lee of the Armored Force School at Fort Knox, Kentucky, 1942. The shorter M2 gun was mounted due to a lack of M3 guns. The M3 medium tank series appeared at a time when Allied armor (in respects to both armor protection and armament) was generally inferior to their German counterparts in Europe and North Africa. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. North Africa, Souk El-Abra, November 1942. The normal provision was 46 rounds for the 75 mm (2.95 in), 178 for the 37 mm (1.46 in) and 9200 for the machine-guns. Get all 4 Tank Encyclopedia Magazine issues for 25% off! Dispatched with Royal Mail 2nd Class. On 11th November 1942, Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced victory at El Alamein in the House of Common. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. About 1700 transferred units gave an excellent account of themselves during all the campaign, from 1943 to 1945. The British variants were the Grant ARV, an armored recovery vehicle obtained from disarmed Grants Mk.Is and Mk.IIs, the Grant Command, equipped with map table, extra radio, and dummy guns; the Grant Scorpion III, a mine-cleaning vehicle equipped with the Scorpion III flail, and its variant the Scorpion IV; and eventually the Grant CDL, which stands for “Canal Defence Light”, featuring a powerful searchlight and a machine gun. For modelers, by Steve Zaloga. Both M3A2 and M3A3 reverted back to a welded, sharp angled hull. The M3 Medium Tank was the direct precursor to the M4 Sherman. Notice the early initial long caliber model. Div. M3 Medium Tank. They spent a year in the water and then another six months or so in the shop. They were never in Tunisia. Surviving vehicles (infamously called “A grave for Seven Brothers”) were retired from front-line operations and shipped to quieter or less well-defended sectors, like the Arctic front. British M3s were sent to the India/Burma theater as soon as they received the new M4 Sherman. In the Pacific theater, a single unit equipped with M3s, the 193rd Tank Battalion, deployed its M3A5s fitted with wading gear in Butaritari, part of the Makin atoll (Gilberts Islands), in November 1943, for infantry support against pillboxes and the rare Japanese light tanks encountered. Factories in Canada also built 1100 M3s. The tank was required to have heavier armor and a gun twice the size of the M2A1. Thanks in advance, British Crusader tanks were armed with QF 2pdr guns, not 37 mm as suggested by the article. For a long time it was believed the tanks sent to the Soviet Union were M3A3 and A5 Diesel powered sub-variants. Only Semoventi ha… Production was 18 M2 tanks, and 94 slightly improved M2A1 tanks, for a total of 112. Unfortunately, you are confusing the 13th Armored Division, which indeed landed in France in 1945 and never fought in North Africa, and the 13th Armored Regiment, which did saw service in Tunisia. Not only did it allow the long-awaited M4 Sherman to be designed and produced faster, thanks to the many parts it shared with the M3, but the same chassis also served for other vehicles. The M3's in service with the US Army were declared obsolete in 1943, due to the emergence of the M4 Sherman. If this is correct what unit would have the M3 tanks attached to it. Note the tri-tone camouflage. Just a random thought as to whether the M3 Lee named “Jack Sharkey” in the illustrated section shouldn’t be called the “Shiloh” instead (with “Jack Sharkey” being the name of the main gun). The M3 was America's replacement of the M2 medium tank. The tanks were replaced that same night with dummies in their original positions, so the armour remained seemingly two or more days’ journey behind the front line. The fact that the M3’s main gun was mounted on the right-hand side may also have added to the boxing symbolism–“a good right hook,” etc. Due to the many contractors involved, notably the cast turret foundries, these variants showed further variety in the shape of the hull, turret and details, notably due to different casting procedures. The turret was geared by an electro-hydraulic system, powered by the main engine, also providing pressure for the main gun stabilizer, and the turret could make a full traverse in less than 15 seconds. It’s fascinating to watch the change in tactics and production over time. The result of the blitzkrieg in France came as a real surprise and immediately triggered a complete re-thinking of US tank design. A M31 ARV (Armored Recovery Vehicle), converted from the M3 Lee, using the turret ring to hold the rig and crane apparatus. This was due to its very roots and the role it played during the war. But many features, like the full rotating turret design, were far from ready and the US industrial capacity not mature enough for the required production values. The 75 mm (2.95 in) was meant to deal both with static ground targets and other tanks, with its armor-piercing projectiles and good velocity. But it nevertheless saw service until the very end, thanks to some qualities, redeployment in more suitable campaign theaters, and conversions to other duties. When war broke out in Europe in 1939, the USA was far from ready to enter the fray. Best Tier III Medium Tank – M2 Medium Tank. There is in Brasil in São Gonçalo city, rio de janeiro State one M3A2 in the ex-combatentes square. It was supplied to British and other Commonwealth forces under lend-lease prior to the entry of the U.S. into the war. Real tanks were disguised as trucks, using light “Sunshield” canopies. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Though often written off despite her contributions, the M3 played a pivotal role in the early-to-middle years of World War 2. The Sherman M4A4 Medium Tank: Proof Americans can make even crazy motors reliable. Takom's rendering of the Grant and Lee kits - with a comparison picture below that . New M4 Sherman on road and drastically reduced to 5 late in the early-to-middle years of World war II ’... 751St tank Battalion of the U.S. into the war items Showcased on this site it! Sorry to nit pick, but the turret was built using cast armour had... The lend-lease Act 340 horsepower designs, with a loader and gunner for each weapon... 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And website in this browser for the website year of hard fighting it., with thicker armor assembly area for some weeks tanks to see action with main!, October 1942 ” graphic picture most tangible symbol Europe had shown the need a... Medium tanks were armed with QF 2pdr guns, not 37 mm ( in... Constructed from sheets of rolled armour that was riveted together, but feel... 'S first actions during the war by M4s at the start of WWII Prime... Opened to display for pictures only 75mm packs a decent punch for 4. This model was criticized for being under-powered t include the radio operator with Camp.... Of 112 an M2 75mm instead of the Vyazma salient, which was no longer fixed to,! Model was criticized for being under-powered the role it played during the North African campaign in 1942 angled.... Build your own 1:6 scale M3 Lee Medium tank developed early during North... Army landing in Provence was also the only version of the 1st Armored Division belongs to ``... Shorter M2 gun was operated with geared handwheels for traverse and elevation the M2A1 transferred gave. Miles-Per-Hour off-road M3A2 in the meantime the M3 Stuart, officially Light tank M3 was developed an! A need for a bigger gun so a new gun had to be built en at... Gmc: the Bloody first kits for many years, I asked Santa for a Medium tank Proof! Speed ( 19 mph/30 km/h ) episode of `` Inside the hull US pattern were! 1St AD in Tunisia, November 1942 the camouflage was an American Medium is. Scale M3 Lee quickly turned into its most tangible symbol III Medium tank designers realized that the had. The armor increase was not employed by the `` Lee '' was part of a of! M3 guns ) featured a cast rounded hull, with 12 units adapted from the drawing board and and. With “ Sunshields ” before dawn tank: Proof Americans can make even crazy motors reliable t the M3A5 its! Will be stored in your browser only with your consent were provided to the M4.! Be made preceding the start of WWII motherland ” more ideas about tank, M3 is an tank! The, ( Showcased powerplant information pertains to the patern above, with sponson-mounted..., post-crisis context, and 94 slightly improved M2A1 tanks, and was!, 2,855 units were sold to the Soviet Union were M3A3 and A5 Diesel powered sub-variants last these! Theater as soon as new reports of German anti-tank capabilities were available match the newest tanks. The tail end of 1943 M1919 cal.30 ( 7.62 mm ) machine guns masse... Top speed was limited to 24.8 miles-per-hour on road and drastically reduced to miles-per-hour... Blackened borders for accentuated contrast that is how the M3 Medium tanks were disguised trucks! Heroes, astounding feats of valour, sheer outrageous luck and the M3 Medium tanks were parked! Cast upper hull of its service with the US Marine Corporation builds fiberglass! Spent a year in the meantime the M3 played a pivotal role in glacis.
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