ability of rainfall to cause soil erosion is called

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Water is the main cause of erosion on Earth. Planting new trees and plants is afforestation. The soil erosion can be prevented by the following ways: 1. Soil eroding and dirt loss, harmonizing to Lal ( 1990 ) have inauspicious effects on agribusiness because they deplete the dirt 's productiveness and decrease the resourse base.. 2.2 Soil Erosion Process Erosivity is expressed by EI 30 index. It is dependent on the physical char­acteristics of rainfall, which include raindrop size, drop size distribution, kinetic energy, terminal velocity etc. If the plants die, all living things will also die. After reading this article you will learn about how rain drops cause soil erosion. As degraded soil becomes loose and weak, it loses the ability to absorb and retain water, which leads to soil erosion. For a given soil condition, the potential of […] Since vegetation reduces erosion, we have another case of the result hinging on the net effects of “competing” processes. Soil is a combination of weathered rock, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air. Ellison (1944) defines soil erosion as the process of detachment and transport of soil particles by erosive agents. Erosivity: It is defined as the potential ability of rain to cause the erosion. Heavy rainstorms can cause dramatic and excessive erosion events, however, most soil erosion happens gradually over time and often is very hard to notice without constant monitoring. The three main forces that cause erosion are water, wind, and ice. The agents of soil erosion are the same as the agents of all types of erosion: water, wind, ice, or gravity.Running water is the leading cause of soil erosion, because water is abundant and has a lot of power.Wind is also a leading cause of soil erosion because wind can pick up soil and blow it far away. Soil Erosion is the most serious and least reversible signifier of land debasement ( Lal, 1977 ; El-Swaify, Dangler and Amstrong, 1982 ) . The potential ability of rain to cause erosion is called erosivity of rainfall. Prevention of soil erosion is also called conservation of soil. Four types of soil erosion are caused by rainfall: The raindrops disperse the soil which is then washed away into the nearby streams and rivers. Using rainfall and soil loss information from experimental plots Weischmeier et al. We live because plants live. It is now established that collision of rain drops on bare soil and resulting splash is the major cause of soil erosion by water. Afforestation. Rainfall - Rainfall can cause erosion both when the rain hits the surface of the Earth, called splash erosion, and when raindrops accumulate and flow like small streams. About 95% of soil is splashed by falling rain drops and runoff water erodes less than 5% of the soil. Increases in available moisture, also called effective precipitation, would tend to promote both runoff and soil erosion on the one hand, and vegetation cover on the other. 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