The fields present a space of withered black stalks. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Scientists have long known that it was a strain of Phytophthora infestans (or P. infestans) that caused the widespread devastation of potato crops in Ireland … The potato, from the perennial Solanum tuberosum, is the world’s fourth largest food crop, following rice, wheat, and maize.. Answer Save. Sir Walter Raleigh introduced potatoes to Ireland in 1589 on the 40,000 acres of land near Cork. Question: When did the potato come to Ireland? As we mentioned potatoes spread in the UK in the late 18th and early 19th century and became a staple food. The potato, which had become a staple crop in Ireland by the 18th century, was appealing in that it was a hardy, nutritious, and calorie-dense crop and relatively easy to grow in the Irish soil. Legend has it that he made a gift of the potato plant to Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603). At first scientist could not agree what caused the potatoes to rot and turn black. Traditional wisdom has it that Sir Walter Raleigh introduced the crop to Ireland about 1585. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. But it did not receive a warm welcome. Routine famine almost disappeared in potato country, a 2,000-mile band that stretched from Ireland in the west to Russia’s Ural Mountains in the east. Services, Sea Dog Sir Walter Raleigh, Explorer: Facts, Route & History, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. The primary reason for its acceptance in Ireland was its ability to produce abundant, nutritious food. 1588 -An Irish legend says that ships of the Spanish Armada, wrecked off the Irish coast in 1588, were carrying potatoes and that some of them washed ashore. The potato, which had become a staple crop in Ireland by the 18th century, was appealing in that it was a hardy, nutritious, and calorie-dense crop and relatively easy to grow in the Irish soil. By the early 1840s almost half the Irish population—but primarily the rural poor—had come to depend almost exclusively on the potato for their diet. Farmers found that potatoes could grow double the food in the same land. In 1536 Spanish Conquistadors conquered Peru, discovered the flavors of the potato, and carried them to Europe. Then beginning in 1845 and extending to 1849, the potato crop failed due to disease, and millions of Irish people starved. Asked by Wiki User. 1719– Potatoes had been introduced to the United States several times throughout the 1600s. It is not known for certain when it came to Ireland. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. Potatoes are very versatile vegetables. Many people had to leave Ireland in search of a better … The potatoes grown by Raleigh were not the potatoes we know today. The potato is widely thought to have been introduced to Ireland in 1586 by an American, Sir Walter Raleigh. giddy penguin. Bigger is Better Although around St. Patrick’s Day, you would think potatoes all come from Ireland, they are actually American in origin. Wiki User Answered . did cheesy potatoes come from ireland? North America The plants were from Ireland, so the crop became known as the "Irish potato". 25 26 27. Europe would wait until the 1780's before the potato gained prominence anywhere. The origin of potatoes is as amazing as the potato itself. By mid-August 1845, it had spread to northern France and southern England; it arrived in Ireland in September, with demographic consequences which have shaped our history ever since. The Great Famine (Irish: an Gorta Mór [anˠ ˈɡɔɾˠt̪ˠə ˈmˠoːɾˠ]), also known as the Great Hunger, the Great Starvation, the Famine (mostly within Ireland), or the Irish Potato Famine (mostly outside Ireland), was a period of mass starvation and disease in Ireland from 1845 to 1852. Irish Potato Blight Originated in South America By Stephanie Pappas 03 January 2017 Starving townspeople raid a potato store in Galway, in Ireland, during the Irish potato famine, on June 13, 1842. Many people died from hunger because they had no other food to eat. The 1600s saw the spread of potatoes through Spain, Italy, Belgium, Holland, Switzerland, Austria, France, Germany, Ireland, and Portugal, but people were hesitant to cook with them. As the population of Ireland grew, so did the consumption of potatoes (Crosby, 1972). The president of the Royal Society, Sir Robert Southwell (1635-1702) was recorded in the minutes of a meeting of 13 December, 1693 as stating that his grandfather had ‘brought potatoes into Ireland who had them from Sir Walter Rawleigh after his return from Virginia’. In 1845 a disease called Potato Blight ruined potato crops all over Ireland. After some time there was very little food other than potatoes available to the ordinary people of Ireland. The high yields of potato crops allowed even the poorest farmers to produce healthy food with very little resources. Russet potato was taken ( Mann, 2011 ) French potato also begins its journey in South by! Even John Evelyn seems to have a poor opinion of them. Irish potatoes are not Irish at all. The shrubby perennials with edible tubers, grown as cool-weather annuals in rows, raised beds, or containers, are native to the South American Andes. Why does Ireland import 44,000 tonnes of British potatoes each year? The potato originated from South America, specifically, the Inca grew it in what is today Peru and Bolivia, and, after the Spanish conquistadors discovered the Incan Empire in the early 1500s, they brought the potato back to Europe, where it eventually found it's way to Ireland. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Many people were incredibly suspicious of potatoes, because of their resemblance to plants in the nightshade family—some people thought they were crafted by witches. By the early 1840s almost half the Irish population—but primarily the rural poor—had come to depend almost exclusively on the potato for their diet. Since, for some reason, people named Murphy inevitably get the nickname Spud, and potatoes are sometimes called “Murphy,” the name Spud was also applied to potatoes.However, it is more likely, and often suggested, that the nickname of Spud for … Oscar winner to Fauci: 'Sunlight kills the virus?' What was Sir Walter Raleigh's childhood like? By 1600, the potato had entered Spain, Italy, Austria, Belgium, Holland, France, Switzerland, England, Germany, Portugal and Ireland. The people of Ireland became dependent on the potato as their food and livelihood. As a staple diet for the native population, it proved to be ideal. There are about 150 species in the wild, but only one, Solanum tuberosum, is grown outside the Andes. It had been found by Spanish conquistadors in south America in the 1500s was shipped to Europe, and reached Ireland around 1590. However, the potato was not a native of Ireland. Ironically, the dependable potato was responsible for one of the most horrifying famines of the last 200 years. Potatoes were planted in Idaho as early as 1838; by 1900 the state's production exceeded a million bushels (about 27,000 tonnes). It took nearly four decades for the potato to spread to the rest of Europe. He was a French pharmacist who did a lot to promote potatoes as a widely accepted food. How did a remote Mayo town become Ireland’s most Covid-infected place? Fun Facts About Potatoes Potato Facts: Origins of the Potato. Who established a colony on Roanoke Island? The only problem with potatoes is their susceptibility to disease, the worst of which, Phytophtora infestans, is known more commonly as blight. Introduced into Ireland in the mid-1700s, the potato proved to be an ideal crop for its environment. Introduction into Ireland. Relevance. Scientists’ Viewpoint. The Irish Potato Famine, also known as the Great Hunger, began in 1845 when a fungus-like organism called Phytophthora infestans (or P. infestans) spread rapidly throughout Ireland. The Irish, we were taught, in the 1800’s, were so enthusiastic about potatoes, and so silly, that they planted nothing but potatoes and ate a diet almost exclusively of potatoes. 2008-03-09 20:53:44 2008-03-09 20:53:44. Raleigh first came to the attention of Elizabeth I in 1580, when he went to Ireland to help suppress an uprising in Munster. What is Sir Walter Raleigh best known for? The earliest archaeologically verified potato tuber remains have been found at the coastal site of Ancón (central Peru), dating to 2500 BC. While there's really no solid answer as to when potatoes came to Ireland, most people agree that it was introduced to the area by explorer Sir Walter... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. The bug known as the Colorado potato beetle did not devour potatoes—at first. An Irish potato is an edible tuber from the Solanum tuberosum plant, which is actually native to South America, not Ireland. 1589 – Sir Walter Raleigh (1552-1618), British explorer and historian known for his expeditions to the Americas, first brought the potato to Ireland and planted them at his Irish estate at Myrtle Grove, Youghal, near Cork, Ireland. Favorite Answer. The potato was first planted by Sir Walter Raleigh on his estate of Youghall, near Cork, and Gough says that it was cultivated in Ireland before its value was recognised in England. All rights reserved. His efforts were even more significant because in his time, by the law from 1748, the cultivation of potatoes was banned. Once established, the spread of the disease is highly weather dependent. By 1600, the potato had entered Spain, Italy, Austria, Belgium, Holland, France, Switzerland, England, Germany, Portugal and Ireland. It lasted for almost 5 years. The Irish Potato Famine, which in Ireland became known as "The Great Hunger," was a turning point in Irish history. But it did not receive a warm welcome. As the population of Ireland grew, so did the consumption of potatoes (Crosby, 1972). Raleigh did help to make smoking popular at court. They were carried over to Lancashire, according to Gerarde, who had some in his garden in 1597, but only for use as a delicate dish, not as common food. As a result, potatoes evolved and were bred to be larger so that they could feed more people. Then in 1845, the potato blight hit Ireland (Crosby, 1972). Potatoes were more than just a staple food there; they became part of the Irish identity. Why did Sir Walter Raleigh become an explorer? But the use of potatoes gradually spread, as their excellent qualities became better understood. For the next 80 years it was grown in small numbers, mainly in Munster, as a garden crop or stand-by. Nowadays, potato blight can be controlled - but it has not, as some city-dwellers might suspect, become extinct. He saw potatoes during the 7-year war (1756-1763) when he was captured several times. Where did Irish potatoes come from? Top Answer. Part III in the series of articles Irish Potatoes: The Spud in Irish Food Traditions. A Priest in Galway wrote "As to the potatoes they are all gone - clean gone. In gardening books of the late 1600s, they are spoken of rather slightingly, as "food for poor people", "muched used for bread in Ireland and America" and as "food for swine or cattle". Starving townspeople raid a potato store in Galway, in Ireland, during the Irish potato famine, on June 13, 1842. Within a year, potato crops across France, Belgium and Holland had been affected and by late 1845 between one-third and one-half of Ireland’s fields had been wiped out. Postal Service. A severe drought in Europe in 1846 helped to kill the blight completely. As the stalks of Ireland’s potato plants began to wilt in the autumn of 1845, so did her people. If travelling by night, you would know when a potato field was near by the smell. The potato is not native to Ireland, or indeed any part of Europe. The potato comes from South America and would have come to Europe with returning Spanish explorers in the 1570s. Did Irish bring potatoes to America? Answer. They were not widely grown for almost a century until 1719, when they were planted in Londonderry, New Hampshire, by Scotch-Irish immigrants, and from there spread across the nation. It had been found by Spanish conquistadors in south America in the 1500s was shipped to Europe, and reached Ireland around 1590. The people of Ireland became dependent on the potato as their food and livelihood. Many of the potatoes were found to have gone black and rotten and their leaves had withered. Many things can be made out of them, like fries and hashbrowns. Eventually, agriculturalists in Europe found potatoes easier to grow and cultivate than other staple crops, such as wheat and oats.