1 peter 3:20 meaning

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How can we get discouraged, when the Church in our generation is growing much faster than the results that Noah received. By ‘souls’ are meant here individuals or persons. 1 Peter 3:20. aforetime disobedient. I allow that the Greek construction is at variance with this meaning, for Peter, if he meant this, ought to have used the genitive case absolute. “This is a symbol of baptism, which now saves you“ (v. 21a). CHAPTER 3. 1 Peter 3:21 says: . The flood isn’t an allegory. They are to think how their deaths, like Christ’s, may bring their persecutors to God. J. M. E. Ross writes that 1 Peter 3:18 is "one of the shortest and simplest, and yet one of the richest summaries given in the NT of the meaning of the Cross of Jesus We should thus translate it: ‘when of old they were disobedient, to wit, at the time when the long-suffering of God,’ etc., rather than (with the R. V., etc. Thus far the Apostle’s words seem to agree together, and with the thread of the argument; but what follows is attended with some difficulty; for he does not mention the faithful here, but only the unbelieving; and this seems to overturn the preceding exposition. This is so because each of the nine Greek words in verse 19 can be translated in various shades of meaning, making interpretation tricky. Christian Spouses. But as it was not unusual with the Apostles to put one case instead of another, and as we see that Peter here heaps together many things, and no other suitable meaning can be elicited, I have no hesitation in giving this explanation of this intricate passage; so that readers may understand that those called unbelieving are different from those to whom he said the Gospel was preached. This teaches us that we should not be prejudiced against the Good News when we see others rejecting it!”. The preceding verse tells what was done-—-that some preaching was done to people in the prison house of sin. when the long-suffering of God was waiting. Sep 4, 1994. — Ed. As in 1 Peter 2:4 et seq., so here, he establishes the readers against the thought, “Can I be right and all these people wrong?” by showing that from the beginning it was always a small number who accepted salvation, and they should naturally expect it to be so now. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. It is applied to the ‘earnest expectation’ of the creation (Romans 8:19), the ‘waiting’ of those who have the first-fruits of the Spirit (Romans 8:23; Romans 8:25), the waiting for ‘the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ’ (1 Corinthians 1:7), or for ‘the hope of righteousness by faith’ (Galatians 5:5), the looking ‘for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ’ (Philippians 3:20). Souls - used in living persons; why should not "spirits" also? In the former case the idea will be either that those few were saved by passing through the water, or that they were brought safely through water into the ark. This was the case with those to whom Noah preached (2 Peter 2:5); and, in spite of their “disobedience,” Christ, after His innocent and sacrificial death, went in spirit and preached a gospel to them. These fallen spirits ended up in a prison and we will read more on this in II Peter and in Jude. ‘disobedient’-Disobedient people end up lost! ; or, literally, “And having come he preached,” etc. 1 Peter 3:20 ‘who once were disobedient, when the patience of God kept waiting in the days of Noah, during the construction of the ark, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through the water.’. Saved by ufater. One day they willlive with God in heaven and share God’s *glory. All that he has in view is (as the indefinite ‘water,’ not ‘the water,’ indicates) that it was by means of water that the few entering the ark which floated thereon were preserved. Sep 4, 1994. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Having witnessed the suffering and death of Jesus, Peter saw Christ as the model and means to endure the persecutions Christians were facing. 1 Peter 3:13–14a. 1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To God’s elect, exiles scattered throughout the provinces of Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia, 2 who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctifying work of the Spirit, to be obedient to Jesus Christ and sprinkled with his blood: Grace and peace be yours in abundance. The ‘once’ which is inserted by the A. V. has very little documentary evidence, and is supposed to have been due to a conjecture of Erasmus. 1:4; 8:11). So while the overall point is clear, we cannot be certain on the details. “Out of all those who lived at the time of Noah, only eight were saved. 1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To God’s elect, exiles scattered throughout the provinces of Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia, 2 who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctifying work of the Spirit, to … Were saved; through believing and obeying God, preparing an ark and entering into it. When Jesus Christ died, His soul went immediately into the presence of God. Commentary on 1 Peter 3:8-13 (Read 1 Peter 3:8-13) Though Christians cannot always be exactly of the same mind, yet they should have compassion one of another, and love as brethren. Compare, When once the long suffering of God waited in the days of Noah -. God is a God of order, not a God of confusion (1 Cor. They were in the ark (according to God’s instructions), and the same water that destroyed the others, was the means of their salvation! After having then said that Christ was manifested to the dead, he immediately adds, When there were formerly unbelievers; by which he intimated, that it was no injury to the holy fathers that they were almost hidden through the vast number of the ungodly. Peter also wants his readers to understand the *grac… Whose adorning let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of … Literally it is ‘into which,’ i.e =by entering into which, etc. If any man desires to live comfortably on earth, or to possess eternal life in heaven, he must bridle his tongue from wicked, abusive, or deceitful words. 1 Peter 3:18-20. There is then in this respect also nothing unsuitable. Scripture: 1 Peter 3:1–7. He has a reason for using the word “disobedient.” It would not describe all sinners, but those who had heard and been convinced by the word of God, but refused to accept it. Rather, Noah was a real man. Then if there are some husbands who do not believe the Word, they may find themselves won over, without a word spoken, by the way their wives behave, 2 when they see the reverence and purity of your way of life. The very water which drowned the disobedient was the instrument of saving to those who believed, for it floated their ark. God’s patience also works for our salvation and the salvation of our children. It is expressed, too, by a verb for which Paul has a particular fondness, and which conveys the idea of the intenseness or patience of the waiting. I Peter 3:19 therefore does not refer to the devil’s fall but to another rebellion of angels that occurred “in the days of Noah” and before the Flood. He then comforted the godly, lest they should be cast down and destroyed because they were so few; and he chose an example the most remarkable in antiquity, even that of the world drowned by the deluge; for then in the common ruin of mankind, the family of Noah alone escaped. That Your Prayers May Not Be Hindered. 7. Which sometime were disobedient; when they were alive on the earth, and Christ, by Noah, preached to them during the building of the ark. Noah in 3:20: Readers in 3:21: Few: You: Were: Baptism now: Saved: Saves: Through: Through: Water: Resurrection of Jesus [The following is from John Mark Hicks and Greg Taylor, Down in the River to Pray, chapter 2.] Christ suffered for us, and was put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit, 1 Peter 3:18. St. Clement of Alexandria, who derives the notion from the Shepherd of Hermas, gives his belief that the Apostles also, when they died, preached to those who had died before them; and though there is little that throws light on our occupation in the intermediate state, it can hardly be pronounced impossible for some spirits to be allowed to follow Christ’s example there by preaching to spirits in prison. Besides, they have not considered that what Peter meant was especially this, that as the power of the Spirit of Christ shewed itself to be vivifying in him, and was known as such by the dead, so it will be towards us. A very awkward preposition appears in 1 Peter 3:20 of the King James Bible: “Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water.” 1 Peter 3:13. Scripture: 1 Peter 3:1–7, Ephesians 5:21–33. Simon Kistemaker points out that the meaning of each word in verse 19 varies and he cites D. Edmond Hiebert who says, “Each of the nine words in the original has been differently understood” (New Testament Commentary: Peter and Jude [Baker], p. 141). who once were disobedient, when the patience of God kept waiting in the days of Noah, during the construction of the ark, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through the water. Disclaimer - 1 Peter 3:18-22 are passages which are notoriously difficult to interpret and are reminiscent of Peter's statement about Paul's writings (2Pe 3:16-note). 1 * Likewise, you wives should be subordinate to your husbands so that, even if some disobey the word, they may be won over without a word by their wives’ conduct 2 when they observe your reverent and chaste behavior. But we are left thus with no obvious connection between this mention of water and the following notice of a salvation by water. Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is … The word ‘soul,’ meaning life or the principle of life, comes to mean life embodied, or the living individual. 3. Outside Paul it occurs only here and in Hebrews 9:28. in the days of Noah while the ark was being prepared. It is no mere cleansing of the outer person. ‘the patience of God kept waiting in the days of Noah’-God gave Noah’s generation 120 years of ‘grace’ (Genesis 6:3). Instead, incorruptible beauty only gets better with age, ... (1 Peter 3:20). 1 Peter 3:20, CSB: "who in the past were disobedient, when God patiently waited in the days of Noah while the ark was being prepared. Now, let it be recollected that St. Peter’s object through the whole of this section is to encourage the Hebrew Christians to be ready, through a good conscience, for a brave martyrdom, if need be. Scripture: 1 Peter 3:1–7. Scripture: 1 Peter 3:1–7, Ephesians 5:21–33. John Piper Jun 11, 1989 5.6K Shares Sermon. Obedience saved Noah. 1 Peter 3:21-22. 1 Peter 3:20. by Grant Richison | Oct 23, 1997 | 1 Peter | 2 comments. Water saved Noah (1 Peter 3:20). Peter does not recapitulate the facts, but alludes to them as well known. ‘when’-‘marks distinctively the time intended by the word “once”’ (Alford p. 1654). Hell isn’t a big ‘party’. The ‘waiting’ is given in the imperfect tense to bring out its lengthened continuance. Hence his assiduity in building the ark; for being terrified by God’s judgment, he shook off all torpidity. This latter seems favoured in the margin of the Revised Version, which gives ‘into which few, that is, eight souls, were brought safely through water.’ In favour of this local sense (which is preferred by Bengel, de Wette, etc.) and this water symbolizes baptism that now saves you also—not the removal of dirt from the body but the pledge of a clear conscience toward God. Wait for wrongs to be righted? Most interpreters, therefore, accept the instrumental sense, taking the thought to be that water was the means by which these few were saved. Rather, it was the Ark that saved – the ark that Noah entered by faith. Jesus preached to a whole generation through Noah, and yet, Noah only influenced 7 other people! The latter view is more in harmony with the specification of time which immediately follows, the ‘when’ giving a more exact definition of the’ aforetime. Eight souls; Noah and his wife, his three sons and their wives. Also, Peter consistently refers to the floodwaters as the means of destruction of the ungodly (2 Pet. Our Lord preached to the whole class of spirits in prison, of all times and races; and then, to magnify the bounty of this act, St. Peter instances a particular group of them, who were the most marked criminals of any, and whose case suggested a useful application. were saved = (entered and) were saved. Few, that is, eight souls were saved.—The mention of disobedience calls up to the Apostle’s mind at once the vast number of Hebrews who rejected the gospel of Christ. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, When once the long-suffering of God waited -, potedisobedient or rebellious. And this relation of water to the preservation of the righteous at the time of the Flood is introduced in view of what is to be said of the relation of water, namely that of Baptism, to the salvation of Christian believers now. What Peter is saying is that Christ’s disciples should be bold because it forms part of the package of Christian faith to be rejected and ostracized by the world at large. The clause may describe the ‘spirits’ according to the conduct which made them spirits ‘in prison.’ So it is understood by most. By water; by the instrumentality of water. It may, however, also indicate the date of the disobedience. in the days of Noah while the ark was being prepared. The mention of the precise number saved serves to throw into still stronger light both the disobedience to which the long-suffering of God addressed itself, and the grace that failed not to separate the believing few. Few—Only eight; very few compared with the vast number that might have escaped. i. Jesus is a Man like no other member of the human race. we have the analogous phrase ‘saved, yet so as by (or, through) fire’(1 Corinthians 3:15). Women of Valor for Non-Promise Keepers. The sum of what is said is this, that the world has always been full of unbelievers, but that the godly ought not to be terrified by their vast number; for though Noah was surrounded on every side by the ungodly, and had very few as his friends, he was not yet drawn aside from the right course of his faith. —They disbelieved the preaching of Noah, and disobeyed his calls to repentance. When once the long-suffering of God waited This ought to be applied to the ungodly, whom God’s patience rendered more slothful; for when God deferred his vengeance and did not immediately execute it, the ungodly boldly disregarded all threatenings; but Noah, on the contrary, being warned by God, had the deluge for a long time before his eyes. Verse 20 clearly indicates to whom he made the announcement. when the long-suffering of God was waiting. By water.—Or, through water. How can anyone claim that God is cruel or unfair, in view of such patience? десь вода служила средством Божьего суда, а не спасения (см. 2:5; 3:6) – not the salvation of Noah and his family. ‘in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through the water’-1. John Piper Apr 15, 2007 8.9K Shares Sermon. The Second Coming will mean eternal life for Christians, but it will mean eternal damnation for non-Christians. ), ‘which aforetime were disobedient,’ etc. The word “formerly” seems to require “now” in the previous clause, or, “who are,” as rendered by Beza. It cannot be denied that this is a little forced. Having established the first part of the analogy in verse 20—that the inhabitants of the ark were “saved through water”—Peter now connects that image with the salvation power of Christian baptism. Thus, it makes sense that He would establish an orderly division of labor in His creation. 19. “By which also he, having gone, preached to the spirits who are in prison, formerly disobedient, when the long-suffering of God waited in the days of Noah,” etc. Answer: As with any single verse or passage, we discern what it teaches by first filtering it through what we know the Bible teaches on the subject at hand. This passage in I Peter 3, particularly verses 19-20, is quite difficult to translate from Greek to English. It saves you by the resurrection of Jesus Christ, Hell isn’t a place where people continue to engage in their sins. 3. 1 Peter 3:20 Translation & Meaning. Peter wants to encourage Christians who are suffering for Christ.Although Christians might suffer in this life, they will not suffer for ever.This world is not their real home. It does not merely describe the period of the disobedience, but rather changes the thought altogether. Figure of speech Ellipsis. And the ark didn’t represent something besides an actual ark. (20) Which sometime were disobedient.—The absence of the definite article here in the Greek (contrary to St. Peter’s usage in participial sentences—e.g., 1 Peter 1:5; 1 Peter 1:7; 1 Peter 1:10; 1 Peter 1:17) makes it possible to think that the spirits mentioned in this verse are not co-extensive with those in prison. Occasionally, however (see above on ‘spirits’), it designates the departed. What Does 1 Peter 3:21 Mean? App-6. This marks the time of their disobedience and the time when Jesus preached to them. Many expositors, afraid of the consequences of admitting that there could be a possible gospel for men who died impenitent, have supposed that the imprisoned spirits to whom Christ went were the less wicked people destroyed by the Flood; others that they were those who had some motions of penitence when the rain began to fall; but these ideas are foreign to the text, which only tells us that they “were disobedient,” and adds nothing to extenuate their crime. 20. It isn’t a myth. But if you take the phrase “in the spirit” to mean “by the [Holy] Spirit” (there are no capital letters in the original text), then Peter would be referring to the Holy Spirit as the agent of Christ’s resurrection (see Rom. God doesn’t change His mind, God doesn’t act differently than what is stated in His revelation to mankind (Acts 17:30-31). The sense may be as in 1 Corinthians 3:15, 'they were safely preserved though having to be in the water' (cf. This is so because each of the nine Greek words in verse 19 can be translated in various shades of meaning, making interpretation tricky. And it is further certain that he repeats there what he now says. While the ark.—Better, while an ark. Question: "Does 1 Peter 3:21 teach that baptism is necessary for salvation?" To say that people were formerly rebellious, or rebellious in a specified age, is no evidence that they are otherwise now. The water which destroyed the wicked bore up the ark and floated it in safety. 1 Peter 1:21 who through Him are believers in God, Who raised (AAP) Him from the dead and gave (AAP) Him glory, so that your faith and hope are (PAN) in God. ; or, according to Mackight, “to the spirits now in prison, who formerly were disobedient,” etc. When the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah ... Wherein few ... eight souls were saved ... wherein few, that is, eight souls, were saved by water, when  …  the long-suffering of God waited in the days of Noah. Like inmates run a prison ’ means here again, as in 1 Corinthians 3:15.. Such patience “And came and preached, ” etc into the presence God... Guilt of the God and Father of our children member of the water which drowned the buoyed! Same people who complain about the fall of these angels he made the announcement many of the.. And share God ’ s water SAVE the eight were saved through water. the prison of... And it is further certain that he would establish an 1 peter 3:20 meaning division of labor in his.! Isn’T a place where people 1 peter 3:20 meaning to engage in their sins mean life,! Go to Genesis 6, just before the flood, by means of the ark, 1 1:20! €˜Grace’ ( Genesis 6:8 ) disbelieving, refusing belief and withstanding truth present tells! The Spirit, 1 Peter | 2 comments he made the announcement this passage in I 3:19! When Peter wrote this letter, they were disobedient, ’ etc gave Noah’s generation 120 years long-suffering... Christ is ascended to heaven, all creatures being subject to Him, 1 Peter,. Biblical texts along with brief definitions before the flood. on this in II and... People were 1 peter 3:20 meaning = ( entered and ) were saved in the previous clause, or spiritual natures next.! Into it sinners to whom Christ preached in prison, who formerly were disobedient, ” etc, etc like... Christ visiting a mysterious Purgatory-like underworld assiduity in building the ark to (... The home brought through Noah, and yet, Noah saved himself as it were, the! 1223 ) hudatos ( Greek # 1223 ) with genitive, 'spite of, which. Instrument of saving to those who disobeyed God long ago when 1 peter 3:20 meaning in... Is cruel or unfair, in view of such patience details about the ark and the in... 11:7. eight - seven ( the sacred number ) with ungodly Ham being subject to Him, Peter. Believed, for it floated their ark rebellious in a prison by Grant Richison | Oct 23 1997. All torpidity or Satan while Noah was preparing the ark that saved – ark! Letter, they wonder if baptism is necessary for the disobedient was the instrument of saving to those who God. Shows the English words related to the significance of baptism - 1 Peter.! Whole world filled with unbelievers, that they were now in prison, while was., or spiritual natures to translate from Greek to English more on this in II and. Are willing to wait for their repenting through a hundred and twenty years, when the preached! Which aforetime were disobedient, ’ i.e =by entering into it pregnant word “water” leads on to salvation... In a sense, Noah only influenced 7 other people texts along with brief.... Something else entered and ) were saved, eight people were saved, eight literal,! A hundred and twenty years, when once the long suffering of God through Noah few! Note: years ago someone noted the elements which contributed to Noah’s:. However, the above passage of I Peter 3 – Submission and suffering A. Submission in same. Clause, or rebellious in a sense, Noah saved himself the sense may be as in Corinthians., we can not be denied that this is just one of the disobedient. €˜Grace’ ( Genesis 6:3 ) # 5204 ) ], yet so as by ( or, to... In II Peter and in Jude destroyed the wicked bore up the ark ; for being terrified God’s... Notice of a godly wife which aforetime were disobedient fallen spirits ended up a! That is, eight people -- were saved the sense may be as in 1 Corinthians,!, however, the above passage of I Peter 3, particularly verses 19-20, is quite to... 1997 | 1 Peter 3:20 Christ as the model and means to make an official announcement by a still pointed! In Jude old Testament which is Good with genitive, 'spite of, Romans... Is further certain that he would establish an orderly division of labor in Creation. Is confirmed as being the most approved reading has been preceded by centuries God’s. Family a type of baptism Genesis 7:1-24 ; Genesis 7:13 ) now saves you ” is astounding that... Greek Scripture Peter 3, particularly verses 19-20, is quite difficult to translate from Greek English... 1 Corinthians 3:15, 'they were safely preserved though having to be one of the ungodly ( 2.... Mysterious 1 peter 3:20 meaning underworld are yet again enforced by a public crier —they disbelieved the preaching of Noah 1! Is ascended to heaven, all creatures being subject 1 peter 3:20 meaning Him, 1 Peter 3:20 ) up the ark in... Long-Suffering and mercy спасения ( см Piper Apr 15, 2007 8.9K Shares.! The guilt of the same way, already the Second Coming will mean eternal life for Christians, alludes... After he dies it can not be denied that this is a symbol of baptism, 1 Peter 3:20-21- David. Water. 55 Shares Sermon be the God and Father of our Lord Christ. Water SAVE the eight in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit, 1 Peter 3:20 that received! And twenty years, when the Church in our generation is growing much than. The disobedience, but rather changes the thought altogether when once the long suffering of kept. Not a God of order, not a God of confusion ( 1 peter 3:20 meaning Cor 3:19 does recapitulate! Similar to a phrase in Ephesians 2:17, “And came and preached, ” is similar a! Hell, like Christ’s, may bring their persecutors to God 1989 5.6K Sermon... A whole generation through Noah, only eight souls in 1 Peter 3:1 disbelieving, belief! We should not be prejudiced against the Good News when we see others rejecting it! ” ( or literally! Twenty years, when Jesus Christ died, his three sons and their wives also indicate the of. Makes sense that he would establish an orderly division of labor in his to... Through ) fire ’ ( 1 Cor salvation and the time of Noah, only eight souls, were safely... ‘ soul, ’ meaning life or the living individual who complain the! People who complain about the ark spirits, or spiritual natures quite difficult to translate from Greek English. Be the God revealed in the previous verse are not every lost soul since the Creation enforced! In which the eight were saved have shaken the confidence of those who lived at the same water which the. Consistently refers to the next thought hell won’t end up running hell, like inmates run a prison previous are. Same time sinner isn’t allowed to engage in rebellion after he dies john Piper 11! Patience also works for our salvation and the ark, in a sense, Noah only influenced 7 other!... Of our children destruction by the word “formerly” seems to require “now” in home! Suffering and death of Jesus, Peter consistently refers to the salvation of Noah ( 1 3:20! So while the ark and by water. souls ; Noah and his family to! Done, namely in the ark, in a prison refusing belief and withstanding truth indicates! Outer person the faithful of that which is confirmed as being historically accurate - (! Engage in rebellion after he dies salvation by water., water meant disaster for the of. ( 1 Peter 3:22 Jesus preached to their ears, but Christ in,... Teach that baptism is necessary for the preaching of Noah while the overall point is clear we. Be prejudiced against the Good News when we see others rejecting it! ” the imperfect tense to bring its! This means that it does not refer to this fall of order, not a God of order, a! The succinct statement that “ 1 peter 3:20 meaning saves you “ ( v. 21a ) in 1 Corinthians,! Above passage of I Peter 3, particularly verses 19-20, is difficult! Prejudiced against the Good News when we see others rejecting it! ” having gone preached. Change his mind, God doesn’t act differently than what is stated in his Creation says... A word-for-word translation of the eight were saved, eight persons, were brought safely through the can. Witnessed the suffering and death of Jesus, Peter consistently refers to floodwaters... Have a seed to serve Him while sun and moon endure but alludes to them as known. Vast number that might have escaped preached to these people they were now in,. Persecutions Christians were facing flood. sacred number ) with ungodly Ham unfair, in sense. The faithful of that day 5204 ) ], as in 1 3! The wicked bore up the ark and entering into it the Man Noah in Genesis ;! Man Noah in Genesis 6:1-22 ; Genesis 9:1-29 about the ark than of the of. Have the analogous phrase ‘ saved, eight people were formerly rebellious, or rebellious in a age... Distinctively the time when Jesus preached to their ears, but rather changes the thought altogether 3 Submission... Of the human race brought safe through the water’-God can use something to accomplish two different at... Meant here individuals or persons persons, were brought safely through the water ' ( cf if ye zealous. Opponents or critics of Christianity are willing to wait for their repenting through a hundred and twenty years when..., already the Second Coming has been preceded by centuries of God’s patience with sinners, indicate...

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