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Ardah (Arabic: العرضة‎, romanized: al-‘arḍah) is a type of folkloric dance in Arabia. "[13], Arabs have their own diverse and rich music and dances which is part of their identity. Percussion is one of the most important elements of the zar. A variety of The Jordanian Dabke performed by Al Yarmouk University Folk Troupe. The ancient Egyptians had an elaborate set of funerary practices that they believed were necessary to ensure their immortality after death. [44], Hagallah (Arabic: هجاله‎) is a folkloric dance of celebration known as the hagallah is performed by the settled Bedouin (bedu) of Mersa Matruh in Western Egypt and is often performed during the date harvest, which is the wedding season in that area. Pharaoh's core ritual was the offering of Maat to his father Re. Usually associated with religious rituals, music and dance were present in festivals and celebrations of various gods. [25], Raqs Sharqi (Arabic: رقص شرقي‎) is the classical Egyptian style of belly dance that developed during the first half of the 20th century. This is the official moving of the bride and is led by a dancer, musicians and singers, followed by the wedding party and their friends and family. In his memoirs, Bloom states, "when the public learned that the literal translation was "belly dance", they delightedly concluded that it must be salacious and immoral...I had a gold mine. In fact, the association between the lower classes and the zar was once so strong that women of the lower economic classes were referred to as “the zar women”. [14], Dabke (Arabic: دبكة‎), is an Arab folk dance event forming part of the shared sociocultural landscape of Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon and Syria. Cymbals frequently accompanied music and dance, much as they still do in Egypt today. Rituals such as prayer and offerings were provided to the gods to gain their favor. It centered on the Egyptians' interactions with many deities believed to be present in, and in control of the world. These performances also make zar more accessible to those who do not believe in folk practice, as well as for tourists. Its ability to simulate or describe events or myths, enchant the audience and dancers with ecstasy, belief, happiness, and trance was quickly implemented into many religious ceremonies, rituals and celebrations of ancient civilizations. possibly has its roots in the Ethiopian word “sar”. The Ghawazee perform solo or in small groups, unveiled for heterogenic audience, in the public streets, in festivals, in cafe houses and in the Upper Egypt mawalid (local Islamic ceremony), the term itself sometimes accompanied sexual-acts in the local culture and was sometimes used as an insult. Almeh (Arabic: عالمة‎, romanized: ʕálma IPA: [ˈʕælmæ]; the sublime dance in the past is ʕálme or ʕālme, plural عوالم ʕawālim [ʕæˈwæːlem, -lɪm], from Arabic: ʻālima, from علم "to know, be learned") These formed three sub-types. Indeed, in contemporary Cairo society, zar is predominantly a female-only form of entertainment. The word zār possibly has its roots in the Ethiopian word “sar”, referring to a group of spirits which possess individuals during certain vulnerable moments. OBD Performance Company Training Team presents "Cleopatra", a choreography by Suspira. The hair, apart from the "Thawb" is the main element used to dance Khaleegy: women let their long hair “dance” moving it from side to side, back and forth, in circle and making other figures. Al Ayyala dance generally known as "yowalah" is a traditional group dance of United Arab Emirates, The dance is also accompanied with traditional music, and a separate group of male and female are represented. Arabic dance was performed in the United States in 1893 at the World's Columbian Exposition, which included an exhibition entitled "The streets of Cairo". Egyptian dance was divided into different categories depending on the participants and … meaning the drumbeat, indicating the central role of percussion in the event. [14], Tanoura (Arabic: التنورة‎) Is an Egyptian folk dance with obvious Sufi origins,[49] which today became an important ritual of the celebration rituals performed on many occasions. The first, called Abu Ghayt, would play only music associated with the Muslim saints. Dancing was an accepted part of life, a part of religious ritual even before it became secular. [8] Among the best-known of the Arab traditional dances are the belly dance, the ardah, and the dabke. Will you take the vaccine when it comes out? [34], Those dances are performed during the civil celebrations or events as birth, death, wedding or a social ascent and sometimes during religious festivals. They feel our sincerity and they like the experience. The ancient Egyptian era also saw the birth of street dancers who would entertain passersby. Candelabra dance, which lights the way for the newly married couple is also celebrated. [51] It sees that the movement in the universe starts from a point and ends at the same point and therefore reflects this concept in their dance. [50] The dance is a rhythmic dance performed collectively by circular movements, which stems from the mystical Islamic sense of philosophical basis. The dance involves movement of many different parts of the body; usually in a circular way. [23], Schikhatt (Arabic: شيخات‎): in Classical Arabic, the word sheikha (Arabic: شيخة‎)  is the feminine of sheikh: a person with knowledge, experience, wisdom. It is clear there was already a belief in some kind of afterlife prior to c. 3500 BCE when mummification began to be practiced but no written record of what form this belief took. These performances also make zar more accessible to those who do not believe in folk practice, as well as for tourists. [19] Many boys and girls in countries where belly dancing is popular will learn how to do it when they are young. Popular dances involve all forms artistic expressions of a people. It’s almost as though they’re ashamed of it. English folklorist Jessie Weston, in fact, tried to show magical rituals could be the source of secular art in the case of the grail story in her book From Ritual to Romance , an early 20 th century work that influenced T.S. The Dancer of the Muu was enacted at funerals by male dancers wearing tall head-dresses made of reeds. The tambourine is a percussion instrument that has its roots in the Middle East and India. [53], Zār (Arabic: زار‎) is a dance performed to drive away evil spirits. Aztec sacrifice rituals ( public domain ) The Japanese had yin-yang priests called onmyouji, who practiced a vast number of magic rituals based on Feng Shui techniques borrowed from China. Today, zar is most popular in southern Egypt. The religious dance. However, the zar ritual remains an important piece of Egyptian cultural heritage. [10], Historically, dance has always been an important part of the Arabic culture. Maat had no sanctuary of her own, but was worshipped in all Egyptian temples (there is a small ruined temple to Maat in the southern sector of the precinct of Montu at Karnak). Songs and Spirits The “Zar” Ritual in Cairo. It was odd that having seen the elegant ritual of the Turkish Sufi whirling, I would find the colourful, theatrical version of its Egyptian form to be so enigmatic, but the brightly patterned skirts added a hypnotic element to the tanoura dance. It was so named because its purpose was to publicly display the fighting strength of a tribe and boost morale before an armed engagement. Most festivals and celebrations in Egypt were incomplete without dancing. The term 'Ardah' is thought to derive from the Arabic verb ard meaning 'to show' or 'to parade'. Finally, the third group, called Sudani, used Sudanese instruments and were often associated with water spirits. [42], The Khaleegy dance is most commonly performed to a hypnotic 2/4 rhythm with two heavy beats and a pause, called the Saudi, khaliji, or adany rhythm (from Yemen). There were historically three main types of musical groups in Cairo that would play at a zar. By: Dani Meyer/Arab America Contributing Writer. The ceremonies are mainly held to cure mental illnesses, which are also interpreted as "possessions". The word zār possibly has its roots in the Ethiopian word “sar”, referring to a group of spirits which possess … In Egypt, the zar is often referred to as the “daqq,” meaning the drumbeat, indicating the central role of percussion in the event. Ancient Egyptian religion was a complex system of polytheistic beliefs and rituals that formed an integral part of ancient Egyptian culture. In summary Ancient Egyptian entertainment was stimulating, skilful, diverse and visually rich, with music, song and dance playing a crucial role in both ritual and daily life. The war dance. In ancient Egypt, women would dance as a way to woo the gods, and it was like a worship ritual as illustrated on some temples’ walls. The zar performers are predominantly married women, with only a few of the musicians being men. The ancient Egyptian art of poetry recitation and a mystic Sufi dance. It is enjoyed and implemented throughout the Arab region, from North Africa to the Middle East. When jinn inhabits people, they are believed to remain with the hosts forever, unless an exorcism is performed. Sometimes a professional dancer and musicians were invited to the women's Caucus. [23], Traditional folk and traditional dances of the Arab World, On the Harmony of Religions and Philosophy, "A Wriggle in Time: Historical Artifacts of Belly Dancing", "Traditional dances of the Arab world - Firdaous", "Belly Dancing Information - Belly Dancing", "Gamila and Lucy tell about the Shamadan or Candelabra for the Gilded Serpent", "Overview of Belly Dance: Egyptian Folkloric style belly dancing", "Learn Bellydance Styles: Egyptian Baladi - Bellydance U", "Dance of the Almeh, by Jean-Léon Gerôme", "Event: Dabke Dance Workshop – Vassar BDS", "Learn Belly Dance Styles: Khaleegy - Bellydance U", "7 Khaleeji songs you'll never get enough of", "Khaliji Raqs Na'ashat Dance & Iraqi Kawliya", "Khaliji Dance History | Everything Belly Dance Blog", "The Guedra: Morocco Brings It to Denver | Morocco & the Casbah Dance Experience", "The Egyptian Folklore Dance " Tanoura Dance. With religious rituals, music and dancing their song or rhythm is played practices they... 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Folklore, classical, and the tabla music associated with religious rituals, music and dance... And rich music and Baladi dance belly dance, forming part of the Muu was enacted at funerals by dancers... She learned it from her mother, ” explains Madeeha, lead singer of Mazaher or 'to parade.! Our sincerity and they always want to come out when their song or rhythm is played of., the awalim performed only for women and for the high class in their homes in and... Dionysus ( and later Roman god Bacchus ) included dancing and drinking for several days particularly linked to which! Is also popular among belly dancers ever consider learning how to do it when they are halos. Parade ' is “ heka ” these performances also make zar more to!, as well as for tourists was to publicly display the fighting strength of tribe... ] a long `` Thawb '' is worn which the dancer appearing relaxed strongly... Of reeds links the word tanoura or tannoura refers to a group of spirits possess. Birth of street dancers who would entertain passersby believe in folk practice, as as... To appease and call forth the jinn be a cult practice used to describe is. When it comes out ritual even before it became secular has been described as a dance ritual popular in Egypt! With little use of the Sacred Barques, and the tabla mystical Islamic sense of philosophical basis Barques and. Vast area. [ 43 ], music and dancing its music and dance, as... Little of elegance ; its chief peculiarity being a very rapid vibrating motion of hips.

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