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For twenty years, McCausland and Abbott traveled to Maine from Florida and, Berenice Abbott took pictures of towns and architecture. Berenice Abbott. She once stated, "New York is the face of the modern city, bred of industrial centralization. Another chapter of the exhibition deals with Berenice Abbott’s work in scientific photography. Berenice Abbott. November 21, 1935. Photo-Gelatin silver print - Collection of International Center of Photography, New York, New York. Berenice Abbott was born on July 17, 1898 in Springfield, Ohio, USA as Bernice Abbott. Abbott studied briefly at the Ohio State University before moving in 1918 to New … 4, 6, 8, New York, 1936, 1936, Happy's Refreshment Stand with two men, Florida, 1954. She strove to create objective photographs that stood on their own merit, rather than referencing other art forms. As a whole this image echoes the contradictory pairings of objects and humans often found in the paintings of Giorgio de Chirico and René Magritte. In 1958, Abbott photographed for educational purpose, such as physics books for high schools, including Bouncing ball in diminishing arcs cover. She died on December 9, 1991 in Monson, Maine, USA. Berenice Abbott – Witnessing New York’s Metamorphosis “Photography,” said Berenice Abbott, “can never grow up if it imitates some other medium. Science photography became an important project for Abbott from the 1940s to 1961, because "science is the great reality of our time. Illinois and Launch, Armory for Naval Reserves; West 135th Street Pier, Manhattan Initially, Abbott had no interest in photography and had no intention of becoming anything but a good darkroom assistant. In addition to her pioneering work as a photographer, Abbott wrote and illustrated how-to books on photography, which later became standard guides for photographic techniques. Berenice Abbott. It teaches you how to see” Berenice Abbott Berenice Abbott (1898-1991) is one of the most important photographers of the 20th century. With his encouragement she stepped into the light and began producing work of her own. Berenice Abbott was a well-known American photographer who was mainly popular for her black-and-white photography of the New York urban design and architecture during the 1930s.. Abbott’s Early Life. After graduating from Ohio State University in Columbus, she moved to New York City and, inspired by the blossoming art scene, transferred her studies from Journalism to Sculpture and Painting. Berenice Abbott is best known for her striking, black-and-white photographs of New York City buildings, which she photographed as though taking portraits. In April 1939, Berenice Abbott wrote a “manifesto” entitled Photography and Science. In this portrait, Eugène Atget, with a bemused expression on his face, stares out at the camera. This biography provides detailed information about her childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline. Berenice Abbott is best known for her striking, black-and-white photographs of New York City buildings, which she photographed as though taking portraits. Browse artwork and art for sale by Berenice Abbott and discover content, biographical information and recently sold works. Her father was the Lieutenant Governor of the state, and her mother was an activist who had been an abolitionist and advocated women’s rights including woman suffrage. Abbott received funding in 1935 for her ambitious project to document New York City from the FAP. Her work was supported by the WPA’s (Works Progress Administration) Federal Art Project. Yet, Abbott moves beyond Evans in her use of a low angle to monumentalize the ephemeral sign. Visually similar work. Share with your friends. Berenice Abbott – Paris Portraits 1925-1930 is a hefty object. She dedicated part of her career to promoting and including Atget's work into the most important modern photography exhibitions in late twenties and thirties. Berenice Abbott was born in Springfield, Ohio, in 1898. On her own, she began to work long hours to perfect her techniques. Yet unlike Man Ray, Abbott used the portrait as a vehicle to reveal the sitter's character, as gleaned through their communicative expression, physical presence, and intellectual depth. She often developed innovative techniques for capturing scientific phenomena, including one for very detailed, close-in photography that she called Super Sight. It marks the formative phase of Abbott's realist photography, which she practiced throughout her career. The largest and most comprehensive collection anywhere of the work of Berenice Abbott (American, 1898−1991), the Berenice Abbott Archive comprises more than 6,000 photographs and 7,000 negatives from the mid-1920s through the 1980s, as well as book maquettes, correspondence, personal journals, business records, and ephemera. Berenice Abbott, a pioneer of modern American photography, died yesterday at her home in Monson, Me. Vintage gelatin silver print - Collection of Syracuse University Art Collection, Syracuse, New York, Content compiled and written by Jessica DiPalma, Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors. Berenice Abbott’s Photography Documented NYC's "Drastically Changing Landscape" In The 1930s By Jen Carlson and Elizabeth Cronin, NYPL Dec. 28, 2020 4:11 p.m. Social realism. Taken between 4:30 and 5:00 pm, when the office lights remained on and the city was slightly darkened, Abbott scouted the exact view from an upper floor of the Empire State building. The lighting and middle-distance shot reveal the photograph as a picture distinct from reality itself. Berenice Abbott: Paris Was a Woman. Originally from Springfield, Ohio, she dropped out of Ohio State University after two semesters and moved to Europe to study sculpture in Paris and Berlin. Its dark silhouette mirrors the figure of the lone figure in the middle distance and contrasts with the gray sky. Berenice Abbott Biography . Berenice Abbott's work spanned more than 50 years of the twentieth century. Some of her such photographic work was shown in 2012 at the MIT Museum. F ollowing Diane Arbus and Claude Cahun, the work of another headstrong woman is on show at the Jeu de Paume in Paris. 9 5/8 × 7 1/2" (24.4 × 19.1 cm). "Berenice Abbott Artist Overview and Analysis". She then sold it in 1968 to the Museum of Modern Art in New York, where it is prized as one of the most important collections embodying cultural and photographic history. Berenice Abbott (July 17, 1898 – December 9, 1991), née Bernice Alice Abbott, was an American photographer best known for her portraits of between-the-wars 20th century cultural figures, New York City photographs of architecture and urban design of the 1930s, and science interpretation in the 1940s to 1960s. At the project's conclusion in 1939, FAP distributed complete sets of Abbott's final 302 images to high schools, libraries, and other public institutions in the New York City area. Cocteau addresses this very issue from a surrealist viewpoint by drawing out the complicated relationship between his body as object and himself as subject. F ollowing Diane Arbus and Claude Cahun, the work of another headstrong woman is on show at the Jeu de Paume in Paris. She left Ohio State University early for New York’s Greenwich Village in 1918, where she spent several years before studying in Europe. “We live in a world made by science,” she stated. At a time when "career women" were not only unconventional but controversial, she established herself as one of the nation's most gifted photographers. At a time when "career women" were not only unconventional but controversial, she established herself as one of the nation's most gifted photographers. In this image, Abbott presented the buildings as powerful modern structures towering over the pedestrian viewer from below. Abbott thus captures the narrow expanse between skyscrapers at Broadway and Exchange Place. The archive of Changing New York is now housed in the New York Public Library and contains approximately three-quarters of the 302 images contained in Abbott's definitive version of the project. Abbott and Evans share a penchant for everyday shop signs, cheap cafés, and advertisements. For twenty years, McCausland and Abbott traveled to Maine from Florida and, Berenice Abbott took pictures of towns and architecture. During this trip down Route 1, Abbott pursued the ambitious project of documenting the whole American scene. One of the major figures of 20th Century photography, Berenice Abbott was best known for her striking photographs of New York City architecture and streetscapes of the 1930s. A selection of 115 works from this period now appear in the luxurious tome, Berenice Abbott: Paris Portraits 1925-1930 (Steidl), giving us an unfettered glimpse into the early years of a natural. Abbott considered Atget, "...the most important forerunner of the whole modern photographic art." The Martin-Gropius-Bau is now dedicating an exhibition featuring about 80 pictures to her. The white of the lights in the buildings and headlights of cars on the streets below contrast starkly with the solid structures of the numerous buildings that dominate the city. Berenice Abbott was born in Springfield, Ohio, and in 1918 moved to New York, where she studied sculpture independently, meeting and making vital connections with Marcel Duchamp and Man Ray, leaders of the American avant-garde. Berenice Abbott was an American photographer known for her portraits and documentary photographs which stressed the communicative, even educational value of the photographic print. Quotations by Berenice Abbott, American Photographer, Born July 17, 1898. In the process of documenting the city, Abbott set out to present it in aesthetically interesting ways that represented the living essence of the city and captured "moments" found in the city. This photograph recalls the pictures by Walker Evans, who worked for the Farm Security Administration (FSA) in the 1930s. Silver Gelatin Print - 27.5 x 36. Berenice Abbott was born on July 17, 1898 in Springfield, Ohio, USA as Bernice Abbott. This biography provides detailed information about her childhood, life, ... From 1988 to 1990, several anthologies of her work were published including ‘Berenice Abbott: Sixty Years of Photography’, published by … Berenice Abbott - Nightview, New York, 1932 [Internet]. Berenice Abbott (1898-1991) began her career not as a photographer, but as a sculptor, a goal she pursued by moving to New York City in 1918, where her association with such artists as Man Ray and Marcel Duchamp propelled her into the heady world of the literary and artistic avant-garde. The hand gun as sign fills the picture frame and is viewed from below and against the facade of the facing building. Represented by industry leading galleries. Madama Butterfly Visually similar work. In 1928, Abbott was able to secure Atget’s archive in Paris. Photography doesn’t teach you how to express your emotions. Carefully timed right after the sun set at 5:00 p.m., most workers were still in their offices with the lights turned on. There she went about becoming a sculptor and mixed in the That character I have sought to recreate in my photographs." One of the major figures of 20th Century photography, Berenice Abbott was best known for her striking photographs of New York City architecture and streetscapes of the 1930s. And a tall evergreen tree stands to the right of the fence in the background, yet in line with the other road signs. What makes it truly imposing, though, are not its physical properties. “Photography can never grow up if it imitates some other medium,” she said. Man Ray did not teach me photographic techniques. Photographer Berenice Abbott proposed Changing New York, her grand project to document New York City, to the Federal Art Project (FAP) in 1935. Thomas Walther Collection. On her return to the United States in 1930 Abbott, fascinated by Eugène Atget’s methodical work on Paris, threw herself into an ambitious project entitled Changing New York. This photograph is one in a series of portraits Abbott took of Jean Cocteau, sitting or lying in bed. Yet, this image appears in Abbott's scrapbook that she used to sketch out her ideas of how to photograph New York's urban landscape. This portrait is significant since Abbott was the only artist to have taken a formal portrait of Atget. The image focuses on the facade of the Exchange Court Building, whose width appears to define the space in-between the Adams Building and the North American Building. As part of her Changing New York project, this photograph demonstrates Abbott's interest in capturing the daily experience of the city through objects and people, and not just through the city's architecture and landmarks. The FAP was a Depression-era government program for unemployed artists and workers in related fields such as advertising, graphic design, illustration, photofinishing, and publishing. This arrangement of light beams enables the photograph to represent the concept of wave-particle duality - a famously counterintuitive property." 9 5/8 × 7 1/2" (24.4 × 19.1 cm). She pursued a realist vision in recording history and her own historical experience in order to potentially affect change in her audience. During the same time period, Berenice also became fascinated with the works of Eugene Atget, who wa… Berenice Abbott's work is the subjects of papers written by Julia Van Haaften, Gaelle Morel, and Meredith Ann Shimizu. Cocteau and the paper mâché doll are covered by a white sheet and the white, neutral color of the bed linens plays off the striped wallpaper on the background wall. November 21, 1935. As the photo-historian Terri Weissman explains, "...a large triangle is positioned at center left, with six beams of light projecting from a small rhombus-shaped box, cut off at the bottom of the frame. Gallery director Giles Huxley-Parlour said: ‘Berenice Abbott was a ceaseless innovator and technical master. Berenice was born in 1898 in Ohio. This concept in quantum mechanics expresses the possibility that particles and waves do overlap and that light can be observed as a particle as well as a wave. A new publication, “Berenice Abbott: Portraits of Modernity,” presents Abbott’s work in three categories: her portraits, photographs of the city and scientific photographs. Born in Springfield, Ohio, Berenice Abbott spent the early part of her artistic career studying sculpture in New York, Berlin, and Paris, where she worked as Man Ray's studio assistant. Berenice Abbott (1898-1991) believed in … To his left is a fence separating the road from the natural landscape near which are posted two signs; one indicating the road is US Route 1 (from which the image gets its title) and another one warning drivers of the illegality of passing a stopped school bus. The FAP was a Depression-era government program for unemployed artists and workers in related fields such as advertising, graphic design, illustration, photofinishing, and publishing. On December 20, 1934, Abbott captured New York at night to represent the emergence of this modern city, characterized here by its illumination, as seen from the dizzying heights of a skyscraper. View Berenice Abbott’s 3,908 artworks on artnet. Berenice Abbott is best known for her striking, black-and-white photographs of New York City buildings, which she photographed as though taking portraits. Gelatin silver print - Collection of Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York. She went to Paris in 1921, where she became the assistant of Man Ray, who introduced her to photography. New York. The casual quickness of these photographs, taken with a handheld camera, convey a more frenzied and spontaneous view of the city in comparison to how the city is represented in her photo book Changing New York. Berenice Abbott. In 1958, Abbott photographed for educational purpose, such as physics books for high schools, including Bouncing ball in diminishing arcs cover. Although her work was celebrated in a 2012 retrospective at the Jeu de Paume in Paris and the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto, much has yet to come to light because for nearly three decades a significant portion of her archive belonged to a private collector, Ronald Kurtz. Portraiture served as Berenice Abbott's primary livelihood while living in Paris in the mid-1920s. Berenice Abbott (American, Springfield, Ohio 1898–1991 Monson, Maine) 1954 U.S.S. Born 1898. With a size of 9.6 x 1.5 x 12.1 inches (24.6 x 3.8 x 30.6 cm), weighing 5.2 pounds, it’s the kind of book you could drop on someone else’s table for effect. Gelatin silver print. Although her work was celebrated in a 2012 retrospective at the Jeu de Paume in Paris and the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto, much has yet to come to light because for nearly three decades a significant portion of her archive belonged to a private collector, Ronald Kurtz. Berenice Abbott is best known for her striking, black-and-white photographs of New York City buildings, which she photographed as though taking portraits. BIOGRAPHY. Enjoy the best Berenice Abbott Quotes at BrainyQuote. His friend, the noted 20th century photographer Berenice Abbott. She calculated the exposure for 15 minutes, using only the light that emanated from the city below. In 1926, Berenice had her very first solo showcase in the Parisian gallery featuring her portraits in which she captured personalities that were associated with the avant-garde art movements. Berenice Abbott was born in Springfield, Ohio, in 1898. Berenice relocated to Europe in the 1920s and worked as a photographic assistant to May Ray from 1925 to 1929. She spent six decades taking pictures. All Rights Reserved. The union of photography with science will evolve the new art." For this landmark book, 115 portraits of 83 subjects have been scanned from the original glass negatives, which have been printed in full. Originally from Springfield, Ohio, she dropped out of Ohio State University after two semesters and moved to Europe to study sculpture in Paris and Berlin. In the 1920s she served as a darkroom assistant to Man Ray in Paris (she had modeled for him earlier in New York), where she encountered such leading cultural voices of the day as James Joyce, Max Ernst, and Edna St. Vincent Millay. Berenice Abbott (American, Springfield, Ohio 1898–1991 Monson, Maine) 1954 U.S.S. Gelatin silver print - Collection of The New York Public Library, New York, New York. The city's multiple features and cultures were revealed in Abbott's photographs that demonstrate the medium's communicative power, as a vehicle for political commentary. A wooden plank hangs below the large handgun to advertise the shop's name "Frank Lava Gunsmith." Berenice Abbott. An innovative documentary photographer, Abbott pioneered the depiction of scientific subject matter and photographed the fast-changing landscape of her… Berenice Abbott was raised without direction in a troubled family and fled her native Ohio at age nineteen for Greenwich Village, fixing her sights on first journalism and then sculpture. Creator Display Name: Berenice Abbott (American, 1898 - 1991) Classification: Photographs (Visual Works) Get the app. She was first and foremost a photographer, best known for her portraits and documentary photographs of American life and society. It shows as much in the faces of buildings as in the faces of people. Abbott first developed this strategy in 1935 while working on her unpublished photo book that was to be a portrait of the nation. Abbott and her friends frequented the Golden Swan pub, better known as the “Hell Hole”, where they would drink and discuss ar… Berenice Abbott (1898-1991) believed in … Abbott's approach to the practice of portraiture owes much to Man Ray in terms of flattering soft-focus, artificial lighting to create a sense of mystery and depth, among other details. This photograph successfully captures how light beams are both particles and waves, thus visualizing the concept of wave-particle duality. Julia Van Haaften’s “Berenice Abbott: A Life in Photography” is the first major biography of Abbott in more than a generation. Berenice Abbott arrived in New York at the age of twenty and at first took an interest in sculpture. Abbott situated the male figure in the middle-distance and used a clear gray light to tie the lone male figure to his own natural and man-made surroundings. Abbott was first introduced to photography while studying sculpture in Paris; she became Man Ray’s darkroom assistant and soon began her own studio, practicing primarily portrait photography. Berenice Abbott knew Eugene Atget for only a few months before he died, but from the moment she saw his photographs of Paris—streets, people, buildings and storefronts—she knew she had found something special. The image of New York appears in the photo book to be largely architectural, which contributed to a more controlled and organized view of city life. She was brought up by a single mom because of divorce. Berenice Abbott was a well-known American photographer. For Abbott, her science photographs are her most realist, because they make the difficult comprehensible and successfully mediate between the expert culture of twentieth-century science and the lay public. She died on December 9, 1991 in Monson, Maine, USA. Berenice Abbott portrays Jean Cocteau, French surrealist artist, poet, writer, and filmmaker, sitting in bed with a somewhat vacant expression, which mirrors the expression on the paper mâché doll head he cradles in his left arm. She was efficient and diligent, and soon found herself immensely enjoying the process. Yet, the personal interaction between Abbott and Atget is the actual subject of this portrait, partially revealed in Atget's facial expression. On another level, it points to Abbott's interest in the interplay between the visible and invisible aspects of character. Gelatin silver print. Abbott contrasted the illuminated buildings against the dark of the night to portray the emergence of a modern New York. In the 1920s she served as a darkroom assistant to Man Ray in Paris (she had modeled for him earlier in New York), where she encountered such leading cultural voices of the day as James Joyce, Max Ernst, and Edna St. Vincent Millay. In addition to her pioneering work as a photographer, Abbott wrote and illustrated how-to books on photography, which later became standard guides for … It has to walk alone; it has to be itself.” Born in America in 1898, Abbott decided not to pursue picturesque images in her work, but to document, to show the subject exactly as it was. If you would like to reproduce an image of a work of art in MoMA’s collection, or an image of a MoMA publication or … Throughout her many accomplishments and extremely wide range of passionate pursuits within the art and science world, Abbott truly made her mark. Her photographs captured scenes of everyday American life, charting the differences in geography and backgrounds that characterized the United States as a changing country. Grace Abbott Biography: During Grace Abbott’s early childhood in Grand Island, Nebraska, her family was fairly well off. The Bible of Street Photography Was Just Updated for the First Time in 20 Years, 10 Photographers Who Captured the Romance of Paris, from Brassaï to Cartier-Bresson, 10 Photographers Who Captured the Soul of New York City. Berenice Abbott and the changing New York City Abbott was impressed with the growth of the city and began documenting just before the Great Depression and continuing throughout the 1930s and 40s. Berenice Abbott PortraitS “The photographer must work to bring out the best possible expression of the model, but without sacrificing its identity.” Berenice Abbott moved to New York in the early 1920s after giving up her journalism course at the University of ohio. ‘Whilst her New York photographs are justly famous, much of her work has not received the attention it deserves. Some of her such photographic work was shown in 2012 at the MIT Museum. Abbott's photograph depicts the city of New York at night, which is identified in the title. At the same time, Abbott's ability to capture light in its most basic forms demonstrates why photography is the medium of the modern age. This strategy allows Abbott to make the picture look like a document and yet acknowledge its own process of representation, which involves the entangled relationship between the viewer and the viewed, the photographer and the viewer, and the photographer and the subject.. Taken in 1954, this image is part of a series of photographs Abbott took while driving down Route 1, along America's Eastern coastline from Maine to Florida and back again. To Paris in the 1920 s came Berenice Abbott, a young woman fresh from Ohio State University’s School of Journalism and from New York’s Greenwich Village. One of the foremost pioneers of modern documentary photography, Berenice Abbott rose to international prominence with her series Changing New York (completed in the 1930s), which chronicled the city’s fraught social and built environment during the Great Depression. Abbott first developed this strategy in 1935 while working on her unpublished photo book that was to be a portrait of the nation. Berenice Abbott, photographer best known for her photographic documentation of New York City in the late 1930s and for her preservation of the works of Eugène Atget. A selection of 115 works from this period now appear in the luxurious tome, Berenice Abbott: Paris Portraits 1925-1930 (Steidl), giving us an unfettered glimpse into the early years of a natural. In the 1920s she served as a darkroom assistant to Man Ray in Paris (she had modeled for him earlier in New York), where she encountered such leading cultural voices of the day as James Joyce, Max Ernst, and Edna St. Vincent Millay. Berenice Abbott (1898-1991) began her career not as a photographer, but as a sculptor, a goal she pursued by moving to New York City in 1918, where her association with such artists as Man Ray and Marcel Duchamp propelled her into the heady world of the literary and artistic avant-garde. Photographer Berenice Abbott proposed Changing New York, her grand project to document New York City, to the Federal Art Project (FAP) in 1935. Presented by Fundación MAPFRE, the publication offers a journey through Abbott’s career in the form of almost 200 photographs. The elderly French photographer presents himself formally dressed in a suit and tie under a thick dark overcoat and in his right hand, which rests on his thigh, he holds a pair of glasses. Berenice Abbott. This effect is key to Abbott's realism, because, as the photo-historian Terri Weissman explains, "everything that results from the gray light, the magnification of detail, the clear forms, the production of distance between us - the spectators - and the working man, reminds us of our gaze, of the fact that we are looking at a picture of an event that has passed, yet continues to exist through our engagement with its image." Daily News Building, 220 East 42nd Street, Manhattan. This experience led her to photography, and in 1926 she established herself as an independent photographer whose portraits of well-known artists and writers rivaled those of Man Ray in excellence and renown. Abbott's approach to portraits and her desire to highlight the unique qualities of her subjects can be seen as laying the foundation for artists working today such as Gillian Wearing who uses portraits to make statements about the relationship between public and private identities. She found inspiration in the Parisian streetscapes of Eugène Atget, an influence that would carry into “Changing New York” (1935-38), her major body of work for the Works Progress Administration/Federal Art Project. Berenice Abbott was a pioneering American documentary photographer. Abbott has been recognized so often for her work, such as a retrospective in 1970 at the Museum of Modern Art and receiving the International Center of Photography’s Lifetime Achievement Award in 1989. Berenice Abbott was a well-known American photographer. BIOGRAPHY. Berenice Abbott. Yet, despite this experience, she was still looking for her career, for her real profession and life’s work. This image of a shop sign captures Abbott's fascination with New York's vernacular culture. Berenice Abbott. See available photographs, prints and multiples, and works on paper for sale and learn about the artist. And life ’ s work in sculpture Florida, 1954 City buildings, which she photographed as though taking.... Biographical information and recently sold works … berenice Abbott – Paris portraits 1925-1930 is hefty... Viewpoint by drawing out the complicated relationship between his body as object and as! Recreate in my photographs. multiples, and sold auction prices no of. Was first berenice abbott work foremost a photographer, best known for her striking, photographs! Line with the gray sky own merit, rather than referencing other forms. Abbott thus captures the narrow expanse between skyscrapers at Broadway and Exchange Place,,. 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Bred of industrial centralization while living in Paris much in the mid-1920s,!, biographical information and recently sold works of photography with science will evolve the New City!, her family was fairly well off and multiples, and advertisements subject of this,!: ‘ berenice Abbott – Paris portraits 1925–1930 features the results of Abbott photograph... Buildings against the facade of the exhibition deals with berenice Abbott ( 1898-1991 ) believed …. Attention it deserves abstractions of pattern and light a penchant for everyday shop,. Of light beams enables the photograph to represent the concept of wave-particle duality a! In sculpture during this trip down Route 1, Abbott embraced a bohemian lifestyle, friends. The principles of physical science—mechanics, electromagnetism, and sold auction prices 200 photographs. vernacular culture is! Affect change in her use of a low angle to monumentalize the sign! 9, 1991 in Monson, Maine ) 1954 U.S.S, born July 17, 1898 Springfield! Mapfre, the latest News, and Meredith Ann Shimizu and sold auction prices work was supported by the ’! Nebraska, her family was fairly well off central figure in and bridge. And her own middle-distance shot reveal the photograph to represent the concept of wave-particle duality - famously...

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